Why Sun Tanning Damages the Skin?

Why Sun Tanning Damages the Skin?

Why Sun Tanning Damages the Skin? Sun tanning is known to be very damaging to the skin and has many risks to the skin. It can cause pre-mature aging to the skin, and cause sun spots, hyperpigmentation, as well as melasma. The highest risk due to over exposure of the sun is skin cancer. Depending on the person, some people are more prone to it than others. People with fair skin are more prone as they have less melanin in the skin to protect from the UV rays.

Sun exposure can also cause hyperpigmentation in all skin types that can cause harm long term. One popular form of hyperpigmentation is Melasma. This is a form of hyperpigmentation that is very common and very hard to remove. Melasma is one of the toughest skin concerns to remove as it is caused by an over production of melanin in the skin that can be triggered by factors such as sun exposure as well as heat. This can also be caused post-partum or by genetics, but the main source is through an excess amount of sun and heat exposure.

There is no such thing as “safe tanning” as this increases the pigment also known as melanin which causes the skin to become darker, which is a sign of skin damage. The UV rays from the sun once it hits the skin causes an increase in melanin production. Melanin is used to protect the skin.

To protect the skin, it is important to use sunscreen. There are different types of sunscreen such as physical and chemical sunscreen. Physical sunscreen also known as mineral uses titanium dioxide and zinc oxide.  It is important to apply it at all times in order to protect the skin at all times. Sun screen should be applied after every 2 hours in order to maintain the protection of the skin. It is best if you are out for long periods of time to carry it one you, that way it can be reapplied throughout the day. Wearing a hat may also be useful in order to protect the face.

When sun protection is not used, risks such as premature aging also referred to as photoaging may result. This is due to the exposure of UV rays breaking down the collagen and elastin fibres which gives the skin its elasticity and plumpness. With this breakdown, it results in wrinkles and fine lines, and cause early aging.

The highest risk that can be caused due to over exposure of UV rays is skin cancer. There are two types of skin cancer; melanoma and non-melanoma. Melanoma is the most dangerous type of skin cancer and requires treatment as soon as possible. Non-melanoma such as basal cell and squamous cell that is located in the epidermis layer of the skin.

There are numerous ways that can be done to prevent skin damage. Most important one is using sunscreen throughout the day on the face and body. For someone who wears makeup, sunscreen can be applied before applying makeup. Having a limited amount of sun exposure is recommended to avoid sun damage. Lastly, tanning beds must be avoided as they are tremendously dangerous as it uses a high exposure of UV rays that is more than the natural sun.

At Vanish Cosmetic Clinic, we have numerous treatments and devices that can be used to help minimize sun damage such as:

1 – Pico Sure Laser

2 – Mesotherapy

3 – Chemical Peel

Pico Sure Laser is a device that is used for skin resurfacing. This helps to remove sun damage by building and renewing new skin from within. It used with the use of a laser in which it penetrates deep into the skin, and signals cellular turnover to occur, creating new skin. In order to see visible results, a couple treatments are done, between 3-5 sessions.

Mesotherapy is another treatment that can be used in order to help minimize the appearance of sun damage. It is done the same way as micro needling in which a needle is used to input serum directly into the skin for better absorption. In order to minimize the appearance of sun damage, vitamin c is a great skin care ingredient that has many different benefits such as brightening, anti-ageing, firming, as well as protection against free radicals.

Chemical peel is another treatment that can be used to help improve the appearance of sun damage. It is done by applying a strong ingredient composed of glycolic and lactic acid, which are strong acids, onto the area. This is applied layer by layer and then left to do its magic. The skin will start to peel, exposing new skin. In order to see results, numerous sessions are needed as it is not just a one-time treatment.

For someone who may want to have that natural sun kissed skin glow, they can achieve this in a healthier way other than with the use of UV rays. This can be done with the use of spray tanning. Spray tanning is a much safer option to achieve a sun kissed glow compared to sun tanning as it does not involve the use of harmful UV rays that have many negative effects to the skin.

It is done by spraying a formula onto the body in which overtime between 4-8 hours a tan develops. Spray tanning lasts between 1-2 weeks depending on how well it is taken care. In order to prolong a spray tan, the skin must be kept hydrated to avoid dry skin, as well as patchy results.

To properly apply the tanning formula, it is important to exfoliate thoroughly in order to avoid patchy results. This can be done in the shower using an exfoliating glove to remove all dead skin cells. Moisturizer should be applied to areas such as the elbows and knees as these areas develop faster and may result darker than other parts. If a shower is being done before tanning, it is recommended to wait at least 4 hours before applying in order to ensure for better and darker results.