One of the most common skin concerns that people have trouble with is hyperpigmentation. Hyperpigmentation is a skin condition in which there is an excessive melanin production, making part of the skin turn into a brown pigmentation. It can occur with anyone but can be most common in people who are exposed to a lot of sunlight, genetics, as well as hormonal changes such as pregnancy. Hyperpigmentation is difficult to treat, and to avoid it from recurring. The most common form of hyperpigmentation is melasma.
Melasma is a type of hyperpigmentation that occurs due to an over production of melanin in the skin. This can cause part of the skin to turn brown, creating brown pigment spots. There are numerous factors that play a role in increasing the chance of getting melasma such as environment, sun exposure, genetics, as well as hormonal imbalance. For someone who may live in the tropics, or anywhere that has high sun exposure may be more prone to getting melasma as they are exposed to UV rays which promote the production of melanin. Another factor that may promote melasma is through genetics. If a family member has a case of melasma, there is a possibility the person has a high chance of experiencing melasma. Lastly, for someone who has hormonal imbalance, through pregnancy, may also experience melasma. Not everyone who is pregnant experiences melasma, it depends on the person as everyone is different.
It is important to prevent melasma, especially if you are someone who may be prone to it. There are different ways to prevent melasma from occurring such as limiting the amount of sun exposure, as well using proper skin care products. It is important to wear sunscreen to prevent UV rays from damaging the skin. It is also important to use proper skincare, such as Vitamin C, to protect the skin from UV rays as well as the free radicals in the air.
Treating melasma may be tricky, but there are ways to improve the pigment with the use of treatments such as laser, chemical peel, and proper medicated skincare products. Melasma can be treated with laser, such as PicoSure Laser. This device targets hyperpigmentation, by breaking down the pigments into smaller fragments and as a result, your body removes these naturally. In order to see proper results, it is important to keep up with the treatments once a month consistently until the hyperpigmentation is fully gone. The number of sessions needed depend on the person as each person is different. On average, to fully remove hyperpigmentation, it takes 4-6 sessions depending on the severity.
Chemical peel may also be done after doing laser, to remove any pigmentation at the surface of the skin. It is required to do laser first, and depending on the result, chemical peel may be done as the final touch. Chemical peel only reaches the top layer of the skin, whereas laser goes deeper, removing any pigment that is deep into the skin.
It is important after treatments to maintain and keep up with the use of medicated skin care products. Skin care products are only helpful topically, as it is only used for the surface of the skin and can only do so much. Skin care products that help with hyperpigmentation are vitamin c, sunscreen, salicylic acid, glycolic, l ascorbic acid, as well as retinol.