Skin Care Ingredients in today’s skin care products include alpha-hydroxy acids, beta hydroxy acids, hydroquinone, retinol, kojic acid, copper peptide and more. Learn their effects on wrinkles, fine lines, age spots and other skin problems.
Niacinamide has many great benefits and can be used for different types of purposes for the skin. This type of vitamin also known as Vitamin B3 helps to minimize appearance of pores, minimizes redness, protects against sun damage, treats hyperpigmentation, improves fine lines and wrinkles, helps with acne and scarring, as well as regulates sebum production.
Hyaluronic is a humectant, meaning it is water loving, and attracts water and moisture. With hyaluronic being a water loving molecule, it is important to use this wisely. It is important not to apply the hyaluronic acid directly onto the skin as this will dry out the skin even further. The way hyaluronic acid works is by attracting the water from its surroundings, such as water from the moisture in the air if in a humidity environment. If there is no moisture in the air, the hyaluronic acid will find water in other areas such as on your skin, drawing water from the keratinocytes. As this occurs, the skin is losing water, and is becoming dehydrated as the water evaporates from the hyaluronic molecule.
The hyaluronic acid molecule in its native state is a high molecular weight whereas companies use in their products low molecular weight. This does not mean that due to its low molecular weight it will penetrate deep into the skin, in fact it does the opposite. The low molecular weight molecule sits at the surface of the skin, the epidermis, and does not go anywhere near the dermis layer. Due to this, the hyaluronic acid will attract water from the surface of your skin causing dryness and dehydration.
The best way to apply hyaluronic acid is to apply it on a wet surface, such as after the shower when there is moisture for the hyaluronic acid to draw in. After, in order to keep and lock in the hydration, it is best to apply a cream such as a balm in order to seal the ingredients after applying other serums such as niacinamide, peptides etc.
Due to collagen being a big molecule, in which it is unable to go into the skin, peptide may be used instead. Peptide is used to help build the skins barrier, minimize and prevent fine lines and wrinkles, add elasticity to the skin as well as improve acne. Peptide can be applied with the use of a serum or cream depending on your skins needs.
Retinol is known for its many benefits, one main one being its capabilities with anti-ageing. Retinol is a strong skin care product that must be used in a small amount and should be built up starting with using one time a week in order to build your skin tolerance when using this strong acid. When using retinol, it is important to use only at night, as this makes your skin more sensitive to the sunlight. Due to this, it is important that you apply sunscreen in order prevent any sun exposure to the skin as it is more prone to getting a sun burn.
Vitamin C can be used for many different skin concerns and is a versatile ingredient that almost anyone can include in their skin routine. Vitamin C’s main property is to help with skin brightening and prevent exposure to free radicals in the air throughout the day. Vitamin C can be applied in the day time, following a moisturizer, sunscreen, and makeup if you choose to. It is important to keep the product in a dark environment in an enclosed and sealed bottle. When exposed, the product may turn orange depending on the product used, as some are formulated then others.
Collagen is great for the skin, as it gives it its elasticity property and helps with building the skins barrier. Collagen is too big of a molecule to be applied topically, as it is unable to pass through the semi permeable membrane. Collagen may be taken orally through eating collagen supplements so it can go directly into the bloodstream in order to be used for the skin.
AHA and BHA
AHA and BHA are used as chemical exfoliators, in which it removes the top layer of the skin that may have dead skin cells, leaving the skin smooth and able to absorb products better. Chemical exfoliators are recommended more than physical exfoliators as it is gentler on the skin and not abrasive, causing small micro tears. AHA and BHA can be used overnight as a serum applied to clean skin. When AHA and BHA is used, it is important to use sunscreen as your skin is highly sensitive and must be protected in order to prevent any sun damage.
Ceramides are used to help hold the skin together and form a protective layer to help limit moisture loss and helps to protect the skin from any environmental pollutants. Ceramides are important to use in your skincare regimen due to factors such as ageing and sun damage as this affects the natural ceramides found in the skin and can over time deplete them, which overall weakens the skins barrier. With the depletion of natural ceramides, your skin will be dehydrated, causing dryness to the skin, irritation, redness, as well as the production of wrinkles and fine lines.
The use of ceramides will help to reinforce the skins barrier and increase hydration, giving smoother, firmer, and reduce visible lines and wrinkles.